catégorie de Philosophie

The analects of confucius

The Analects (Chinese: 論語; pinyin: Lúnyǔ; Old Chinese: [r]u[n] ŋ(r)aʔ; literally "Selected Sayings", also known as the Analects of Confucius, is an ancient Chinese book composed of a collection of sayings and ideas attributed to the Chinese philosopher Confucius and his contemporaries.

publié le 13-01-2020 - 41 vues
اللذة الغامضة للاشيء

دراسة موجزة تجمع بين الوجودية والأنثربولوجيا والسايكولوجيا، وتناقش الوجود البشري، والتجربة الاجتماعية، والانعزالية، وغيرها من الموضوعات المرتبطة بالإنسان، والمؤثرة علي كيانه. هذا الكتاب من تأليف معتز عرفان و حقوق الكتاب محفوظة لصاحبها

publié le 13-01-2020 - 51 vues
رحلتى من الشك الى الايمان

في هذا الكتاب يستعرض لنا الدكتور مصطفى محمود رحلته التي مر بها والتحول الفكري العظيم الذي عاشه مهتديًا إلى الإسلام. فيحكي لنا تفاصيل هذه الرحلة العظيمة، وتنقله بين الأدب والفلسفة والتاريخ والأديان والمذاهب وغير ذلك. فيناقش في الفصل الأول قضية هامة وهى الأساس الذي يبنى عليه كل ما بعده وهو وجود الله وحاجة الإنسان إلى وجود خالق، ويفصل هذه القضية بشكل دقيق. ثم يناقش بعد ذلك قضية أزلية الوجود، وهل كان قبل الكون عدم قديم لا بداية له أم ماذا، ويتطرق للتفصيلات الشائكة والدقيقة لهذه القضية. ثم ينتقل منها للحديث عن مسألة الجسد والروح حتى يختتم بالحديث عن المسيخ الدجال والثورة التكنولوجية التي يشهدها العالم والعلاقة بينهما كما يراها المؤلف. والكتاب ماتع وبليغ ورحلة شيقة يعيشها القارئ مع الدكتور مصطفى محمود.

publié le 13-01-2020 - 44 vues
Du contrat social ou Principes du droit politique

Du contrat social ou Principes du droit politique est un ouvrage de philosophie politique pensé et écrit par Jean-Jacques Rousseau, publié en 1762. C'est une analyse de la relation contractuelle pour tout gouvernement légitime, de telle sorte que soient articulés les principes de justice et d’utilité, afin de concilier l’aspiration au bonheur avec la soumission à l’intérêt général. Il s’agit de l’ouvrage majeur de Jean-Jacques Rousseau, au coeur de sa philosophie.

publié le 11-01-2020 - 70 vues
l'unique et sa propriété

L'Unique et sa propriété est un essai philosophique antilibéral, œuvre principale de Max Stirner, publié en octobre 1844. Ce recueil de textes est un réquisitoire radical contre toutes les puissances supérieures auxquelles l'individu aliène son « Moi ».

publié le 11-01-2020 - 70 vues
The Butterfly and the Diving Bell

his is a book which expresses a life philosophy written as an entirely improvisational style not unlike automatic writing of the 19th century. I plugged into a spiritual force Tai Chi masters use (as I am one) to channel chi which is the mystical will of the universe discovered first by the Chinese and is an act of a wounding by God that makes us remember things, remember who we are. Happy reading. Cheers!

publié le 10-01-2020 - 68 vues
LE RIRE Essai sur la signification du comique

Le Rire : essai sur la signification du comique est un ouvrage du philosophe Henri Bergson paru le 1ᵉʳ mai 1900

publié le 09-01-2020 - 62 vues
New Arabian Nights

During his residence in London, the accomplished Prince Florizel of Bohemia gained the affection of all classes by the seduction of his manner and by a well-considered generosity. He was a remarkable man even by what was known of him; and that was but a small part of what he actually did. Although of a placid temper in ordinary circumstances, and accustomed to take the world with as much philosophy as any ploughman, the Prince of Bohemia was not without a taste for ways of life more adventurous and eccentric than that to which he was destined by his birth.

publié le 08-01-2020 - 87 vues
The Warren Buffett Way: The World’s Greatest Investor

“The Warren Buffett Way outlines his career and presents examples of how his investment techniques and methods evolved and the important individu- als in the process. It also details the key investment decisions that produced his unmatched record of performance. Finally, the book contains the think- ing and the philosophy of an investor that consistently made money using the tools available to every citizen no matter what their level of wealth.”

publié le 31-12-2019 - 99 vues
The Warren Buffett Way: The World’s Greatest Investor

"The Warren Buffett Way" is an exploration of Warren Buffett's investment philosophy and process of picking stocks. By combing through Buffett's trades and his annual letters to Berkshire Hathaway shareholders, author Robert Hagstrom explains Buffett's process to the reader. The book focuses on Buffett's relatively concentrated portfolio at the time, as well as the wholly owned subsidiaries of Berkshire Hathaway, such as See's Candies, Nebraska Furniture Mart and GEICO Insurance. Each holding is analyzed, from fundamental operations of the business to the price and multiple Buffett paid. Throughout the analyses of each holding, Hagstrom extrapolates common themes that reoccur in Buffett's stock-picking; namely, investing in businesses with strong competitive advantages in their industries, as evidenced by high returns on equity and generous free cash flow. Of course, Buffett's performance is not due simply to investing in great companies, but investing when multiples are lower than average, which the author takes care to point out. Hagstrom also intersperses Buffett's own words, gleaned from the annual letters and other published sources, to demonstrate the rationale involved in his investments. Buffett is not dogmatic,however, and Hagstrom notes that many investments, such as in General Dynamics and Freddie Mac, were not made with a long term holding in mind, but rather presented themselves as unique opportunities given the circumstances of their purchases.

publié le 26-11-2019 - 541 vues
The Philosopher's Toolkit: A Compendium of Philosophical Concepts and Methods

I have read many introductions to philosophy aimed at laymen & this is by far the best I've seen. Everything is explained very clearly, referencing the relevant concepts after each explanation, great book recommendations, even some great online references. This one does just about everything right

publié le 19-11-2019 - 219 vues
نظام الخطاب

نظام الخطاب لميشيل فوكو نظام الخطاب لميشيل فوكو نظام الخطاب لميشيل فوكو نظام الخطاب لميشيل فوكو

publié le 16-11-2019 - 169 vues
The Little Book of Stoicism: Timeless Wisdom to Gain Resilience, Confidence, and Calmness

“How long are you going to wait before you demand the best for yourself?” – Epictetus, Stoic philosopher Where can you find joy? Gain strength? How should we face our fears? Deal with the death of a loved one? And what about those reoccurring depressing thoughts? While traditional schooling doesn’t address such questions, it’s exactly what ancient schools of philosophy were all about: They taught you how to live. Even though these schools don’t exist anymore, you and I and most people are in as much need of a philosophy that guides us through life as we ever were. This compelling, highly actionable guide shows you how to deal more effectively with whatever life throws at you and live up to your best self. A mix of timeless wisdom and empowering advice, The Little Book of Stoicism will point the way to anyone seeking a calm and wise life in a chaotic world

publié le 16-11-2019 - 247 vues
The Philosophy of Psychology

Some of the issues studied by the philosophy of psychology are epistemological concerns about the methodology of psychological investigation. For example: What is the most appropriate methodology for psychology: mentalism, behaviorism, or a compromise? Are self-reports a reliable data-gathering[1] method? What conclusions can be drawn from null hypothesis tests? Can first-person experiences (emotions, desires, beliefs, etc.) be measured objectively?

publié le 13-11-2019 - 213 vues
Sylvie and Bruno

Sylvie and Bruno has two main plots: one set in the real world at the time the book was published (the Victorian era), the other in the fantasy world of Fairyland. While the latter plot is a fairy tale with many nonsense elements and poems, similar to Carroll's Alice books, the story set in Victorian Britain is a social novel, with its characters discussing various concepts and aspects of religion, society, philosophy and morality.

publié le 09-11-2019 - 216 vues
What is Enlightenment?

The German philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) is a giant in the history of modern philosophy. Several twentieth-century philosophic movements have their origins in Kantian thought, and many issues raised by Kant still retain their importance. For example, in Metaphysical Foundations of Morals (1785), Kant set forth the categorical imperative that remains a crucial principle in moral philosophy. Kant asserted that when confronted with a moral choice, people should ask themselves: "Canst thou also will that thy maxim should be a universal law?" By this, Kant meant that people should ponder whether they would want the moral principle underlying their action to be elevated to a universal law that would govern others in similar circumstances. If they concluded that it should not, then the maxim should be rejected and the action avoided. Kant valued the essential ideals of the Enlightenment and viewed the French Revolution, which put these ideals into law, as the triumph of liberty over despotism. In an essay entitled "What Is Enlightenment?" (1784), he contended that the Enlightenment marked a new way of thinking and eloquently affirmed the Enlightenment's confidence in and commitment to reason.

publié le 09-11-2019 - 186 vues
Tales And Fantasies

JOHN VAREY NICHOLSON was stupid; yet, stupider men than he are now sprawling in Parliament, and lauding themselves as the authors of their own distinction. He was of a fat habit, even from boyhood, and inclined to a cheerful and cursory reading of the face of life; and possibly this attitude of mind was the original cause of his misfortunes. Beyond this hint philosophy is silent on his career, and superstition steps in with the more ready explanation that he was detested of the gods. His father—that iron gentleman—had long ago enthroned himself on the heights of the Disruption Principles.

publié le 07-11-2019 - 249 vues
The Black Arrow. A Tale Of Two Roses

JOHN VAREY NICHOLSON was stupid; yet, stupider men than he are now sprawling in Parliament, and lauding themselves as the authors of their own distinction. He was of a fat habit, even from boyhood, and inclined to a cheerful and cursory reading of the face of life; and possibly this attitude of mind was the original cause of his misfortunes. Beyond this hint philosophy is silent on his career, and superstition steps in with the more ready explanation that he was detested of the gods. His father—that iron gentleman—had long ago enthroned himself on the heights of the Disruption Principles.

publié le 07-11-2019 - 251 vues
THE ART OF LOGICAL THINKING OR THE LAWS OF REASONING

"Reasoning" is defined as: "The act, process or art of exercising the faculty of reason; the act or faculty of employing reason in argument; argumentation, ratiocination; reasoning power; disputation, discussion, argumentation." Stewart says: "The word reason itself is far from being precise in its meaning. In common and popular discourse it denotes that power by which we distinguish truth from falsehood, and right from wrong, and by which we are enabled to combine means for the attainment of particular ends." By the employment of the reasoning faculties of the mind we compare objects presented to the mind as percepts or concepts, taking up the "raw materials" of thought and weaving them into more complex and elaborate mental fabrics which we call abstract and general ideas of truth. Brooks says: "It is the thinking power of the mind; the faculty which gives us what has been called thought-knowledge, in[Pg 10] distinction from sense-knowledge. It may be regarded as the mental architect among the faculties; it transforms the material furnished by the senses ... into new products, and thus builds up the temples of science and philosophy." The last-mentioned authority adds: "Its products are twofold, ideas and thoughts. An idea is a mental product which when expressed in words does not give a proposition; a thought is a mental product which embraces the relation of two or more ideas. The ideas of the understanding are of two general classes; abstract ideas and general ideas. The thoughts are also of two general classes; those pertaining to contingent truth and those pertaining to necessary truth. In contingent truth, we have facts, or immediate judgments, and general truths including laws and causes, derived from particular facts; in necessary truth we have axioms, or self-evident truths, and the truths derived from them by reasoning, called theorems."

publié le 06-11-2019 - 321 vues
THE FEVER OF LIFE

It was Toby Clendon who named it "Pinchler's Dockyard "--Toby Clendon, young, handsome, and a trifle scampish, who wrote witty essays for The Satirist, slashing criticisms for The Bookworm, and dainty society verses for any journal which chose to pay for such poetical effusions. A very cruel remark to make about Mrs. Pinchler's respectable private hotel at Marsh-on-the-Sea; but then the truth is always cruel, and Mr. Clendon proved the truth of his statement in this wise-- "A dockyard is a place where broken-down ships are repaired. Man, by poetical license, is a ship on the ocean of life. Some broken-down human ships under stress of circumstance put in to Pinchler's private hotel for repair in the matter of bodily ailments. Pinchler's harbours these broken-down human ships, therefore Pinchler's is a human dockyard. Strike out the word human as redundant, and there you are, Pinchler's Dockyard." A whimsical deduction, doubtless, yet by no means void of a certain amount of truthful humour, as the guests at Pinchler's private hotel were for the most part deficient as regards physical completeness. If the lungs were healthy the liver was out of order. Granted that the head was "all there," the legs were not, unless one leg counted as two. Splendid physique, but something wrong with the internal organs. Yes, certainly a good many human ships were undergoing repair under the calculating eye of Mrs. Pinchler; and as her establishment was not healthy enough for a hotel nor sickly enough for an hospital, Toby Clendon's intermediate term "dockyard" fitted it exactly; so Pinchler's Dockyard it was called throughout Marsh-on-the-Sea.

publié le 05-11-2019 - 230 vues
THE FEVER OF LIFE

It was Toby Clendon who named it "Pinchler's Dockyard "--Toby Clendon, young, handsome, and a trifle scampish, who wrote witty essays for The Satirist, slashing criticisms for The Bookworm, and dainty society verses for any journal which chose to pay for such poetical effusions. A very cruel remark to make about Mrs. Pinchler's respectable private hotel at Marsh-on-the-Sea; but then the truth is always cruel, and Mr. Clendon proved the truth of his statement in this wise-- "A dockyard is a place where broken-down ships are repaired. Man, by poetical license, is a ship on the ocean of life. Some broken-down human ships under stress of circumstance put in to Pinchler's private hotel for repair in the matter of bodily ailments. Pinchler's harbours these broken-down human ships, therefore Pinchler's is a human dockyard. Strike out the word human as redundant, and there you are, Pinchler's Dockyard."

publié le 05-11-2019 - 200 vues
The Autobiography of Charles Darwin

The daring and restless mind, the integrity and simplicity of Darwin's character are revealed in this direct and personal account of his life—his family, his education, his explorations of the natural world, his religion and philosophy. Charles Darwin's Autobiography was first published in 1887, five years after his death. It was a bowdlerized edition: Darwin's family, attempting to protect his posthumous reputation, had deleted all the passages they considered too personal or controversial. Here you can enjoy the complete edition.

publié le 02-11-2019 - 276 vues
The Problems of Philosophy

IN the following pages I have confined myself in the main to those problems of philosophy in regard to which I thought it possible to say something positive and constructive, since merely negative criticism seemed out of place. For this reason, theory of knowledge occupies a larger space than metaphysics in the present volume, and some topics much discussed by philosophers are treated very briefly, if at all.

publié le 30-10-2019 - 223 vues
Moderne morale philosophy

I will begin by stating three theses which I present in this paper. The first is that it is not profitable for us at present to do moral philosophy; that should be laid ...

publié le 30-10-2019 - 203 vues
Meditations On First Philosophy

The first edition of the Meditations was published in Latin by Michael Soly of Paris “at the Sign of the Phoenix” in 1641 cum Privilegio et Approbatione Doctorum. The Royal “privilege” was indeed given, but the “approbation” seems to have been of a most indefinite kind. The reason of the book being published in France and not in Holland, where Descartes was living in a charming country house at Endegeest near Leiden, was apparently his fear that the Dutch ministers might in some way lay hold of it. His friend, Pere Mersenne, took charge of its publication in Paris and wrote to him about any difficulties that occurred in the course of its progress through the press. The second edition was however published at Amsterdam in 1642 by Louis Elzevir,

publié le 30-10-2019 - 228 vues
PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION

There is a growing interest in philosophy of education amongst students of philosophy as well as amongst those who are more specifically and practically concerned with educational problems. Philosophers, of course, from the time of Plato onwards, have taken an interest in education and have dealt with education in the context of wider concerns about knowledge and the good life. But it is only quite recently in this country that philosophy of education has come to be conceived of as a specific branch of philosophy like the philosophy of science or political philosophy.

publié le 30-10-2019 - 226 vues
The Warren Buffett Way: The World’s Greatest Investor

"Simply the most important new stock book of the 1990s, to date. Buy it and read it." -Kenneth L. Fisher Forbes The runaway bestseller-updated with new material included for the first time! "The Warren Buffett Way outlines his career and presents examples of how his investment techniques and methods evolved and the important individuals in that process. It also details the key investment decisions that produced his unmatched record of performance." -from the Foreword by Peter S. Lynch Bestselling author, One Up on Wall Street and Beating the Street ". . . an extraordinarily useful account of the methods of an investor held by many to be the world's greatest." -The Wall Street Journal "Robert Hagstrom presents an in-depth examination of Warren Buffett's strategies, and the 'how and why' behind his selection of each of the major securities that have contributed to his remarkable record of success. His 'homespun' wisdom and philosophy are also part of this comprehensive, interesting, and readable book." -John C. Bogle Chairman, The Vanguard Group "It's first rate. Buffett gets a lot of attention for what he preaches, but nobody has described what he practices better than Hagstrom. Here is the lowdown on every major stock he ever bought and why he bought it. Fascinating. You could even try this at home." -John Rothchild Financial columnist Time magazine

publié le 29-10-2019 - 299 vues
Time Management: Proven Techniques for Making Every Minute Count

Are you a slave to your to-do list? At the end of the day, is your list longer than when you started? Are you awash in a sea of sticky notes and memos? Stop! Instead of listing your important tasks, schedule them with a start time and end time. This will help you create a mini-plan for each task, and a workable, productive agenda for your day. This is just one tip from Time Management, Second Edition. And there's more-a lot more. You'll learn how to: Distinguish between the important and the urgent Say "No" and avoid time-wasting tasks Delegate for greater productivity Communicate more effectively Understand the many time-management software programs available Cope with stress This book provides both a framework for building a personal time philosophy and the real-world tips and techniques for becoming more efficient and productive. You have more time than you think. Time Management, Second Edition will help you find it. Richard Walsh is a publishing professional who specializes in career books. He edits the annual National JobBank. He lives in Boston.

publié le 29-10-2019 - 279 vues